MaritimeHistory - 19.1k posts
Mersea Fisherman’s Open Boats competing in Saturday’s Turkey Race at West Mersea. There was next to no wind but it didn’t stop this lot having a great time. The Turkey Race is the last race of a busy season for these charming little boats, known locally as Winkle Brigs. Big thanks to Gerard Swift @salty_tales and Tom Bowman @on_the_mud for getting me afloat for the day #mfobs #winklebrigs #turkeyrace #westmersea #woodenboat #classicboat #workingboat #traditionalboat #traditionalsail #classicsail #classicsailing #sailing #undersail #coast #essexcoast #essexlife #boatlife #maritimehistory #maritimephotography #marinephotography #yachtingphotography #yachtingphoto #heritage
After a fantastic weekend, we'd like to thank everyone who made the 2019 Conference in partnership with the Ordnance Society a success.
To all of our inspiring speakers, delegates, sponsors, partners, attendees, raffle prize donors and volunteers - we couldn't have done it without you!
We look forward to seeing you next year in the wonderful city of Dublin! 🇮🇪 #archconf19
#thankyou #conference #nauticalarchaeology #maritimearchaeology #maritimeheritage #research #archaeology #underwaterheritage #ordnance #shipwreck #diving #heritage #history #maritimehistory #maritime #portsmouth #portsmouthuniversity #success #inspirational #volunteers #raffle #charity #underwater #divewithapurpose
#MuseumsAndHeritage 🏛 are important to us & we‘re delighted to #print for a number of important #historic #landmarks, not least @royalmuseumsgreenwich 👑 Check out the #international #CuttySark #welcome leaflets we produced 🌊
• #CommunicatingTheArts #museumsmatter #history #CuttySarkShip #printing #heritage #museum #museums #print #RoyalMuseumsGreenwich #Greenwich #languages #navalhistory #naval #maritime #maritimehistory
Supaya kamu tau apa artinya RINDUH
#coolmariners #seamanlife #seamans #ship #humanatsea #maritime_family #maritime #seawomen #pelautindonesia #pelautindonesia🚢⚓ #pelaut #pelautindonesia_ #lifeofseafarer #maritime_family #maritimehistory #sailor #maritime #pelautganteng #boombaru
What is it? This is a #lighthouse lens that was built in 1906 Jill and I where at the Maritime museum in Nova Scotia Canada 🇨🇦 I got this picture. Here is the history behind it!
Builder: Barbier, Bernard & Turenne
Place Built: Paris, France
Type: First Order Fresnel Lens
Type of Construction: Crystal glass prisms set in bronze frames
Illuminant: Petroleum Vapour burner for most of its history.
Sambro Island light installed in 1906 and serving until 1967 when replaced by an airport type beacon. This first order Fresnel lens replaced earlier systems of lens and mirrors used on Sambro Island. The island marks the entrance to Halifax Harbour. A lighthouse was built on Sambro Island in 1759 and still remains in operation, the oldest operational lighthouse in North America.
For more about the history of the Sambro Island lighthouse, see the Sambro web page of the Nova Scotia Lighthouse Preservation Society.
Today the lens welcomes visitors inside the entrance to the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic.
> #lymantravelgroup #lighthouselovers #historiclighthouse #sea #halifaxharbour #halifaxnovascotia #maritimehistory
KAISER CLASS TECH-WEEKS :'.
Ships Repair shop on board Kaiser Wilhelm II :
As the Kaiser Class oceanliner were technically advanced ships equipped with all kinds of machinery like air and water pumps, capstans, cranes, refrigerating machinery, dynamo-electric equipment etc, etc, in such a large number, that repairs were a daily occurrence. '
As it was impossible to carry spare parts for all machinery on board, parts had to be hand made in the ships repair shop.. The machines were were driven by an electro motor operating on a transmission trace. Belts extended from the electro motor to the overhead gearing of the individual machines. '
#shipmodeling #maritimehistory #hamburg #ship #shipyard #classicliner #trendingnow #desirable #amazing #shipsconstruction #blueribbon #trending #northgermanlloydsteamshipcompany #kaiser_wilhelm_ii #kronprinzessincecilie #kaiserclass #kaiser_wilhelm_der_grosse #kronprinz_wilhelm #fourfunnelliners #oceanliners #history #germanlloyd #museumquality #steamship
The old FOUDROYANT, a training ship off Rat Island in Portsmouth harbour in the 1980s. HMS MANCHESTER and HMS VICTORY beyond. Reverted to her original name of TRINCOMALEE, she's now re rigged as part of the Museum of the Royal Navy in Hartlepool. This watercolour is in my Studio Gallery for sale.
#marineartist #colinmbaxter #watercolourart #foudroyante #originalwatercolour #marineart #ratisland #maritime #trainingship #art_daily #art_dailydose #artdiscover #commissionart #watercolor #watercolour #artistsoninstagram #artoninstagram #dailyart #hmsmanchester #hmsvictory #museumoftheroyalnavy #watercolor_guild #historicalpainting #artists_network #royalnavy #navalhistory #nationalmuseumoftheroyalnavy #maritimehistory #trincomalee
The hulk of a Norddeutscher Lloyd liner goes down the slipways in December of 1934 and christened Scharnhorst! She weighs in at 18,184 tons, has a length of 621 ft, and can make 21 knots. Scharnhorst began her maiden voyage on May 8th of 1935 that will take her to Asia stopping at a few ports along the way. Adding to the fleet is her sistership Gneisenau (because one cannot have one without the other it seems), and their half sister Postdam. Together they join in the Strength Through Joy (Kraft durch Freude) program which will continue their service to Japan and on occasion China. The pit-stops see Scharnhorst occasionally visit Britain before and after heading back to Germany, but these ports will no longer be friendly in September of 1939 when war breaks out. At that time, Scharnhorst is underway on the return leg to Germany from Kobe, Japan and must return to Kobe with haste. Here the ocean liner will remain collecting dust as her crew disembark, but as the years go on, Japan now enters the bloody war in late-1941. Scharnhorst is taken in hand to become a troop transport, although it is uncertain if she actually goes on any troop runs, and after June of 1942, the Imperial Japanese Navy realizes carriers are in urgent need as 4 have just been sunk at Midway. Conveniently, Scharnhorst’s hull is very similar to the Nitta Maru class of liners that are or already have been converted to the Taiyo class escort carriers. In September, Scharnhorst goes into dry dock at Kure for conversion into an escort carrier which lasts until November of 1943 and is renamed Shinyo; November 1st seeing speed trials. Shinyo weighs in at 20,916 tons, has a length of 621 ft and can make 22 knots with new machinery; armed with eight 5 inch guns and 33 aircraft. Training with her crew takes 2 months into 1944 and there is a refit done which added to her 25mm AA mounts, making 50 barrels of them altogether. Finally in July of 1944 Shinyo takes part in escorting her first convoy, HI-69 with two of her half sisters Kaiyo and Taiyo. Oddly Shinyo is the only escort carrier providing protection as her half sisters are acting as aircraft transports. ((Continues below👇👇👇))
KAISER CLASS TECH-WEEKS AT GERMAN LINERS.!!! '
The upcoming 4 weeks will be Tech-weeks. We will issue some of the essential technology that was needed to built the Kaiser Class Schnelldampfers..'
In this first photograph we are looking at the boiler room on board the German Schnelldampfer Kronprinzessin Cecilie.
It had been found expedient for the Kaiser Class Schnelldampfers - Kronprinz Wilhelm, Kaiser Wilhelm II and Kronprinzessin Cecilie - to divide the engine power in view of its enormous performance - up to 48.000 horse-power - so that for each propellor shaft a double set of Quadruple-expansion engines is provided, in this manner 16 cylinders being employed to give the vessels their full speed. '
#fourfunnelliners #fourfunnels #shipsconstruction #blueribbon #trending #northgermanlloydsteamshipcompany #northgermanlloyd #oceanliners #oceanlinersspeedandstyle #technology #shipbuilding #historic #history #germanlloyd #museumquality #germanhistory #amazing #treasuresfromthepast #superliner #maritimehistory #hamburg #ship #shipyard #classicliner #trendingnow #vintage #classicliner #shipshistory
Met opperste concentratie is onze collega van de restauratie afdeling bezig om de fragiele tuigage van het volmodel van het stoomschip “Tjerimai” te repareren. Dit 1:50 werfmodel stamt uit 1916; logisch dat het touwwerk zeer behoedzaam moet worden aangepakt.
Namenwissel: De kiellegging van dit passagiersschip dat “Marie Woermann” zou gaan heten, vond plaats in 1914 op de werf Reiherstieg Schiffswerft & Machinenfabrik te Hamburg en de tewaterlating in 1916. Pas na de afloop van de Eerste Wereldoorlog werd het afgebouwd en in 1922 maakte het de eerste reis onder de naam “Wadai”. Van 1921 tot 1933 was het eigendom van de Rotterdamsche Lloyd die het omdoopte tot “Tjerimai”. Na verkoop in 1933 heette het schip “El Nil” toen het in 1940 op Malta in beslag werd genomen door de Engelsen waarna het in dwanghuur voor het British Ministery of Transport voer. Vanaf 1951 tot de sloop in 1953 voer het als “Safina E Murad”.
With the utmost concentration our colleague from the restoration department is busy repairing the fragile rigging of the full model of the steamship “Tjerimai”. This 1:50 yard model dates from 1916, so it’s logic that the rope work must be tackled very carefully. Name changes: The keel laying of this passenger ship, which was to be called "Marie Woermann", took place in 1914 at the Reiherstieg Schiffswerft & Machinenfabrik shipyard in Hamburg and the launch in 1916. It was only completed after the end of the First World War and the maidentrip was made in 1922 under the name "Wadai". From 1921 to 1933 it was the property of Rotterdamsche Lloyd who renamed it "Tjerimai". After sale in 1933, the ship was called "El Nil" when it was seized by the English in Malta in 1940, after which it sailed into forced rental for the British Ministery of Transport. From 1951 until the demolition in 1953 it sailed as "Safina E Murad".
The first of a new M-Type class of large cargo ship, originally for Mitsui Line, is launched in Tamano on June 29th, 1942, she is the Mayasan Maru. She weighs in at 11,910 tons, has a length of 459 ft and can make 20.8 knots; armed with six 3 inch guns and, as an amphibious assault landing ship, has 20 landing craft that is sent via stern. It won’t be until December when the large ship is completed and immediately is put in convoy B-2 for her maiden voyage. It seems Mayasan Maru is sent into service too soon as on New Year’s Eve, her stern doors fail to function and swing freely; certainly not something wanted if her crew run into bad weather. With quick repairs in Ujina the transport steams after the convoy at 16 knots. The beginnings of 1943 will be large part troop and supply runs to Rabaul or Palau. Mayasan Maru encounters little in terms of the dangerous US submarines, only a few scuffs from other transports in the convoys she participates in. Essentially the rest of 1943 is summed up by transport runs and other freighters being lost by submarine, none yet targeting Mayasan Maru. By the time the year rolls over to 1944, things have taken a more drastic turn since the Mark 14 torpedo has been, for a large part, fixed and is usable which sees sinkings shoot skyward. Nonetheless, Mayasan Maru and her crew are enjoying a time of comparative peace for the first 3 months of 1944, only being rudely disturbed by a severe storm that forces a convoy she’s sailing with in early April to return to port. Convoys will continue, as did the occasional ship lost, but on July 3rd her crew finally meet their long awaited sistership, Tamatsu Maru. They will be the only 2 ships of the M-Type cargo ship, and the next 2 convoys the two sisters sail together. Sadly it is not to be for much longer, as Mayasan and Tamatsu Marus join in convoy HI-71 in the final run for Manila carrying troops to reinforce the soldiers already there. Mayasan Maru will lose her sister on August 19th by USS Spadefish, Mayasan Maru is one of the lucky survivors of this mauling. Her crew must still run the gauntlet a week later. ((Continues below👇👇👇))
Niagara and Ironsides before the start in 2017. Photo by Seamus Masters @glassonion68 #swalematch #swalesmackandsailingbargematch #bargematch #sailingbarge #thamesbarge #workingboat #workingsail #classicboat #heritage #maritimehistory #sailing #undersail #classicsail #classicsailing #redsails #theswale #coast #kentcoast #kentlife #boatlife #sbniagara #sbironsides
Good morning - morning people!
#morning #sunrise #stclair #stclairriver #michigan #goodday #madeinmichigan #capnjimsgallery #nauticalart #marineart #ships #jclary #marineart #maritimehistory #riverview #waves #skyporn #photooftheday #nature #shippping #michiganawesome #michiganders #michigansun #ourplanetdaily #greatoutdoors #moodygrams #sundayfunday #boardwalk #getoutandplay #shipspotting
This weather vane a gilded ship graced the top of Portsmouth Cathedral for almost 250 years, was blown down in the 1954, now sits on an oak plinth from Admiral Nelson’s victorious HMS Victory.
#portsmouthcathedral #navalhistory #hmsvictory #royalnavymuseum #church #cathedral #weathervane #maritimehistory #portsmouth #hampshire
Koninklijke Rotterdamsche Lloyd’s MS Willem Ruys. One of the finer post war liners with her route shown on an official postcard above.
After her life under the Dutch flag ended, she went on for many remarkable years as an Italian cruise ship... becoming more infamous than famous. Finally burning out and sinking in 1994
#dutchliner #dutch #netherlands #oceanliners #oceanliner #maritime #maritimehistory #shiphistory #bigship #ship #postcard #shiplovers #indianocean
@flyingfish_sail offer STCW Basic Safety Training, they are recognised by the MCA to deliver the latest STCW 2010 qualifications. They have been training customers for over 10 years, with great success. Book the course here: https://buff.ly/33rCwt6 #maritime #maritime_family #maritimelife #maritimehistory #maritimemuseum #tapiit #tapiitmaritime #seafarer #saliorlife #atsea #sea #maritimetraining #royalnavy #merchantnavy #training #trainingcourses #courses #education #shipping #maritimecourses
Happening now until noon(ish) tomorrow... Nantucket’s annual marathon reading of Moby Dick!
Readers will be performing at the #Atheneum until 4PM today then at the Whaling Museum from 4-10PM. At 10PM everyone will trek back to the Atheneum and read through the night!
Join us for some late night adventure and help us celebrate Herman Melville’s 200th birthday this year!
See you at 1 India Street 🏛
#nantucketatheneum #mobydick #whitewhale #nantucket #ack #whaling #maritimehistory #americanliterature #mellville #libraryfun #loveyourlibrary
From the Maritime Museum in Flensburg - highly recommended. Tells many aspects of the maritime history of the town - including the sobering tale of how it got very rich on sugar and rum from the slave plantations on the then Danish Virgin Islands. The rich merchants’ buildings are still visible in the streets and the museum has created a walking tour with a map called “The rum and sugar mile”. Very illuminating. Some of of the wealthiest of the merchants got titles, estates and land where their descendents live to this day. Suddenly slavery seems very present. There’s also modern art themed around the sea. .
#turengårtilgrænselandet #maritimemuseum #flensburg #schifffahrtsmuseumflensburg #maritimeheritage #coastallife #schleswigholstein #slesvig #flensburghafen #shipart #harbourmuseum #nordic #maritimehistory #skibsfart #colonialhistory #sugarhistory #oplevsydslesvig #slaveryhistory #danishhistory #slesvigholsten
The moulding replaced by a thinner example. This one is brass even and doesn't need to bee painted as it is in the right colour! Step by step, little by little closer to the finished result... 👏😍'
#kronprinzessincecilie #northgermanlloydsteamshipcompany #oceanliner #oceanliners #oceanlinersspeedandstyle #fourfunnels #fourfunnelliners #blueribbon #speedqueen #atlanticrun #luxurytravel #classicliner #bigliner #oceantravel #trending #maritimehistory #modelbuilding #scalemodelbuilding #scalemodeling #realistic #steamshipreplica #amazing
Pt Reyes shipwreck,Inverness, Cal that was partially burned by a careless photographer when they tried to shoot off fireworks for a night shot a few years ago, LESSON - Be respectful of property and wildlife and don't give photographers a bad name !
#landscapephotography , #landscape , #marincounty , #pointreyesnationalseashore , #pointreyesnps , #marincounty , #shipwrecks , #shipwrecksbeach , #maritimehistory , #maritime , #oldboat , #oldboats , #invernesscalifornia
If you need to catch the Gosport Ferry, do check the shipping movements just in case there's something BIG and Grey coming through. HMS PRINCE OF WALES today and it wont be long before HMS QUEEN ELIZABETH is back too. This acrylic on canvas is available in my Studio Gallery.
#marineartist #colinmbaxter #acrylicpainting #gosportferry #acrylicart #marineart #marinehistory #maritime #hmsqueenelizabeth #art_daily #art_dailydose #artdiscover #commissionart #hmsqueenelizabethcarrier #acrylicart #artistsoninstagram #artoninstagram #dailyart #ship #artists_network #navy #navalhistory #maritimehistory #hmsprinceofwales
This would make an apt title for our next episode – it’s going to be a smorgasbord of watery disaster... and cannibalism. Of course. ⚓️
#history #truehistory #historypodcast #horriblehistory #truecrime #truecrimepodcast #maritimehistory #survivalcannibalism #cannibalism #podcast #podcasts #podcastersofinstagram #podcastersofinsta
Today I've been at day one of the joint @nauticalarchaeologysociety and Ordnance Society conference. Some great speakers and really nice to catch up with lots of familiar faces as well as some new ones.
Gunpowder, gun carriages, u-boats, Queen Anne's Revenge carriages and cartridges just to name a few topics.
Looking forward to more tomorrow.
#nauticalarchaeology #gunsfromthesea #ordnance
#maritimearchaeology #shipwrecks #maritimeheritage #maritimehistory #archconf19
Just want to let you all know that we've been super busy with programs; but when this busy, we don't get to posting! Stay tuned! Gratuitous photo of our #ship #cat Chiclet in the meantime. #Caturday on the Mary Whalen.
PortSide is a living lab for better urban waterways. We connect you to the benefits of our harbor.
#nofilter #RedHook #Brooklyn #PortSideNewYork #PortSideNY #MaryWhalen #maritime #WaterStories #MaritimeHistory #UrbanWaterways #Nonprofit #Bluespace #HistoricShip #Waterfront #RHWS
#TankerTime #donate #fundraiser #FREE
#alohafriday #friday #weekend #greatlakes #huron #michigan #stclair #capnjimsgallery #marineart #jclary #maritimehistory #maritimehistoryinart #maritime #artgallery #nauticalart #sailing #shipping #ships #freighters #shipwrecks #titanic #fitzgerald #ghostship #waves #nauticaltheme #shiptoshore #ships #gallery #showroom #artist
@fleetwood_nc offers Basic Offshore Safety Induction Emergency Training (BOSIET), Delivering the combined BOSIET with EBS & CA-EBS to allow delegates to work worldwide. Book the course here: https://buff.ly/2WWPMnm #maritime #maritime_family #maritimelife #maritimehistory #maritimemuseum #tapiit #tapiitmaritime #seafarer #saliorlife #atsea #sea #maritimetraining #royalnavy #merchantnavy #training #trainingcourses #courses #education #shipping #maritimecourses
This beautiful aerial shot captures the SS United States alongside her “older sister,” the SS America, on New Year’s Day, 1963. Photo courtesy of the B.J. Nixon Collection.
#ssunitedstates #ssamerica #oceanliner #americasflagship #maritime #maritimehistory #unitedstateslines #whyilovetheunitedstates #americana #americanhistory #bjnixon #photography
The Mighty Servants are a class of three semi-submersible heavy-lift cargo ships. This kind of ships are made to carry specially heavy and bulky objects overseas. This include heavy machinery, other ships, large construction parts or, as in this miniature, whole oil drilling rigs. This kind of vessels are semi-submersible because their ballast tanks can be filled with water until the whole cargo area lays under the water level. This way, the structures or vessels they have to transport can "float on" the ship. When the cargo is in place, the water is pumped our of the ballast tanks until the cargo area is above the water level. Once at her destination, the tanks can be filled again so the cargo can "float off" the ship.
The Mighty Servants were ordered by the Dutch shipping company Wijsmuller Transport at the Oshima Shipbuilding shipyard, Japan. The first two ships were delivered in 1983 and the last one was one year later. In 1993, their company became part of Dockwise Shipping B.V. The Mighty Servants continued on duty for the new group, experiencing different dates. The Myghty Servant 1 is still in service today. During a refitting in 1999,the ship was widened by 10m and has now a beam of 50m. The Mighty Servant 2 became famous in 1988 for transporting the 125m long frigate USS Samuel B. Roberts from Dubai to Newport, after she had hit a seamine. But in 1999, tragedy struck near the island of Singkep, Indonesia. The Mighty Servant 2 hit an uncharted underwater pinnacle, capsized and sunk. 5 seafarers died in the tragedy. The ship was declared a total loss. The wreck was scrapped one year later. The Mighty Servant 3 is slightly smaller and faster than her sisters. In 2006 she capsized and sunk near Luanda, Angola. This time there were no casualties among the crew and the ship was salvaged from 63 meter-deep waters. After repairs, she became operative again in 2009.
This detailed miniature of the Mighty Servant 1 in a scale of 1:1250 stands in the general display on deck 9 of the museum. By the way, the oil rig she is caring is the Treasure Saga from 1983. We will post her story sometime soon.
The Seehund or Type XXVIIB5, was a German midget submarine from the end of World War II. Compared to the Molch we posted a week ago, this small submarine was rather effective. The design of the Seehund made it extremely difficult to detect by with the techniques of their time. Nevertheless it proved to be dangerous for the 2 men crew that piloted it. First of all, the ventilation system of their diesel engines could malfunction and cause carbon monoxide poisoning. On top of that, the Seehund had a maximal action range of 500 sea miles. This means that the crew could take part in actions for several days. To avoid the need of sleep, the pilots were given the drug Pervitin (methamphetamine). Several models that were captured by the French Navy, were used until the early 1950s.
The Seehund in the picture - one of the 285 ever produced - was a training model and it was found near the German island of Fehmarn, in the Baltic Sea. The identity of the crew members that died inside is still a mystery, just as the reason why it sank. When it was found in 2001, it was at first believed to have been abandoned and unmanned. That is the reason why the submarine was salvaged. Had it been known that the remains of the crew were inside, it would have been respected as a sea grave. The remains of the crew have been taken to a memorial grave for unknown soldiers. The submarine is part of our permanent exhibition and displayed in our open air area.
This magnificent yard model is currently being processed to join the permanent exhibition of the museum. With a length of almost 2,5 meters, it will make for a great example of a modern container ship. The model was built for Daewoo Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. The real ship was built at their Okpo Shipyard in South Korea in 2009. The ship has been ordered by the Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC, the second larger container shipping company of the World today) in 2006. The ship has been active since 2010 under the name MSC Sonja, and not Sonia as the model displays. Regarding her size, she is a Neopanamax ship. That means that her beam of 51,28 meters has allowed her to pass the Panamá Canal only since the Summer of 2016. That was the time when the Long planned expansion of the Panamá Canal opened. In the case of the MSC Sonja, this has not been very relevant: since she started her duty she has been making round-trips connecting ports from the North-West Mediterranean, through the Suez Canal and all the way to Korea. Her container capacity is 14.000 TEU (which means Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit, the standard size of a container).
We are finishing some preparations and will install the model in the exhibition very soon.
Behold the Z/S No. 8, a cutter-suction-hopper-dredger that was built by the Orenstein-Koppel/Lübecker Maschinenbau AG in Lübeck, Germany, 1958. Her owners were the Russian VO Sudoimport.
The name of this vessel is quite long. Allow us to explain its parts. The vessel is a "dredger": this means it is used to clean or even lower the bed of either coastal areas, harbors or rivers. This is done to create enough water depth so larger ships can navigate in this areas. It is a "hopper" because it has a cargo bay where it can carry the sediments that it takes from the depth of the water and transport them aboard. Some dredgers have no such cargo area. They take the sedimenst out of the water and unload them automatically on barges that work beside them. The "suction" part of the name comes from the mechanism the vessel uses to take the sediments out of the water bed. To put it is simple words, this ships function like a vacuum cleaner on water. The last part of the name is "cutter". This has to do with the fact that the suction tube of the dredger has a cutter mechanism at his end. This is used to break specially hard sediments before they are sucked in to the hopper of the ship.
This is a rather old example for this kind of vessel, but the same type of technology is still used in an improved form nowadays. We sadly have no data on the career and fate of the Z/S No. 8. If any of you has any information, we would be glad to read it.
This magnificent yard model in a scale of 1:50 is part of our exhibition on fluvial navigation. You can find it on deck 9 of the museum.
The Galiot is a very interesting ship's type that was used in different regional variants in most European seas and rivers between the 16th and the 19th century. The ships and boats going by this name are witness to how cultural transfer influenced shipbuilding. This ships originated in the Eastern Mediterranean in the early 16th century. They were a smaller version of a galley - thus also called half-galleys. They combined oars and sails for propulsion. They were used as warships by the Barbary pirates (also known as Ottoman corsairs). In the 17th century, the Galiot appears in Northern Europe. First the Dutch and then the German will use this ships as coastal cargo vessels. The design of the North European galiot was heavily influenced by the Dutch fluyt. It had no oars anymore and there were many regional variants and different types of rigging. During the 19th century some of this ships were built with a sharper bow and a rigging that made their design more and more simmilat to that of a Schooner. From the 17th century on, the French will use Galiot as smaller coastal ships. Eventually, they will develop the Galiote à Bombes, a two masted galiot that carried a mortar to bomb coastal defenses and cities. The stability that the flat bottom gave to this ships made them ideal for this purpose. This also made them very able for fluvial transport. Over the centuries there were many varieties of galiots sailing the European rivers and canals. The very last galiots from the late 19th century were built with a steel hull. But the one you are looking at is a Baltic Galiot from the year 1738. Her name was Stadt Elbing and had been built in the city of that name - today's Elbląg, in Poland.
This model has been in the collection Peter Tamm since the late 1980s.It was built by master Joachim Trabant in a scale of 1:50 and is displayed on deck 2 of the museum.
The passengers ship Zion was built in 1955 at the Deutsche Werft shipyard in Hamburg for the ZIM Israel Navigation Company. Her construction was part of the Reparations Agreement between Israel and the Federal Republic of Germany that had been signed in Luxemburg in 1952. 24% of the complete value of the original reparations for the atrocities committed by Nazi Germany against the Jewish people were destinated to shipbuilding. The Zion had 3 sister ships that were also built at the Deutsche Werft under the same agreement. One year after her construction, she started h er career principal y as an ocean liner between New York and Haifa. In the 1960s, she suffered under the competition of cheaper and faster intercontinental airplanes like all ocean liners. The ZIM Line sold her to Portuguese owners. She was renamed Amelia de Melo and connected Portugal with Portuguese colonies in the Atlantic and Western Africa. With the independence of the colonies in 1971, she was sold to Greek owners and started a career as a Mediterranean cruise ship under the name Ithaca. In 1979 she was renamed for the last time. Now called Dolphin IV, she worked for different companies in the Caribbean until the year 2000. She was then moored, waiting for repairs that her owners couldn't afford. After 3 years her condition had further deteriorated and she had to be sold for scrapping. Her original owners, the Israely ZIM Line abandoned passengers transportation to concentrate on the container cargo from 1970 on. The company ranks on the top 20 container carriers worldwide.
This yard model of the Zion from 1956 is part of our exhibition on passengers shipping on deck 6 of the museum.
More than a decade before the maiden voyage of the SS United States, the SS America was launched as the flagship of United States Lines. The ship resembled the Big U in many ways, but, apart from size, there were some clear ways to tell the two apart. Can you spot the differences? Photos of SS America and SS United States courtesy of Katherine Fairhead.
#ssunitedstates #ssamerica #oceanliner #americasflagship #maritime #maritimehistory #unitedstateslines #whyilovetheunitedstates #americana #americanhistory
Today we had the pleasure of a visit by the extremely talented model maker Wolfgang Wurm. He had come all the way from Austria with his family for a short trip to Hamburg. We all had a great afternoon at the museum. The highlight of the visit was the stop we made in the area were we currently have some of his photorealistic masterworks on display. He was apparently pleased with the display and the condition of "his babies". We met Wolfgang during the first International Shipmodelling Days in Hamburg that we organiced a year ago. The whole team of the museum was impressed by the quality of his work. That's why we were overjoyed when he offered to temporary lend his models to the museum. During the last year, Wolfgang has been working in two very special modelling projects. From what we have seen in the pictures he has showed us, the quality is first class. Wolfgang Wurm will be showing his new models at the museum during the second Shipmodelling Days in Hamburg, that will take place between the 18th and the 20th of September 2020. We are looking forward to see this new builds!
In the meantime all our visitors can enjoy the works of Wolfgang Wurm on deck 5 of the Museum. That is where this picture was taken while Wolfgang was inspecting his build of the British battlecruiser HMS Hood (1920-1941).